At present, the wave of construction of industrial Internet and realization of intelligent manufacturing is sweeping the world, and major industrial countries around the world have invested in the competition of the new industrial revolution. So, what is the relationship between the Industrial Internet and intelligent manufacturing? In general, intelligent manufacturing is the development goal and method, and the Industrial Internet is a feasible way to achieve the goal.
The decline of the demographic dividend gave birth to the Industrial Internet
At present, China's demographic dividend has begun to fade gradually. In the future, labor will become an increasingly scarce resource, and expensive labor costs will change the ecological environment of China's entire industry and manufacturing industries. The Industrial Internet was born under this background. Even when the demographic dividend gradually subsides, the Industrial Internet can still ensure that the manufacturing cost is the same as the original, or even lower.
It is precisely for this reason that the state has given it a lot of support and established the Industrial Internet Industry Alliance (AII). AII has made its own definition of the Industrial Internet: The Industrial Internet is an industry and application ecosystem formed by the comprehensive and in-depth integration of the Internet and a new generation of information technology and industrial systems. It is a key comprehensive information infrastructure for the development of industrial intelligence.
Industrial Internet and Smart Manufacturing
In the definition of AII, we can clearly see the close connection between the industrial Internet and intelligent manufacturing. Industrial Internet and intelligent manufacturing have different emphasis from the surface, one focuses on industrial services, and the other focuses on industrial manufacturing, but the essence is to realize intelligent manufacturing and intelligent services, specifically personalized customization and service extension.
Industrial Internet is mainly provided by industrial platforms to provide customized services for enterprises and help enterprises to go to the cloud. Intelligent manufacturing is the ultimate goal of global industry, so that factories around the world can achieve intelligent automation. In recent years, driven by the country's supply-side reform policies, demand in the industrial sector has continued to recover. The recovery of these downstream industries will also continue to promote a new round of technological and industrial revolutions. However, due to multiple factors such as increasing demand for material quality, rising labor costs, and rising upstream material costs, the profitability of enterprises is also increasing compared to the past.
Therefore, this status quo is also forcing companies to continue to move closer to intelligence. Enterprises need to undergo industrial transformation, and intelligent manufacturing is the next outlet for industrial manufacturing. Smart manufacturing is dedicated to realizing the intelligence of the entire manufacturing value chain, and the Industrial Internet is the key infrastructure for smart manufacturing.
Industrial Internet with huge market size
According to AII data, the scale of China's industrial Internet direct industry in 2017 was approximately US $ 90.3 billion (approximately RMB570 billion). From 2017 to 2019, the industry scale is expected to grow at an average annual growth rate of 18%. By 2020, the output value of the Industrial Internet will reach 225 billion US dollars (1.420 trillion yuan).
In addition, according to incomplete statistics, throughout 2017, there were more than 170 financing incidents related to industrial Internet platforms, with a financing amount of about 20 billion yuan. Research institutions also generally believe that the long-term development of the Industrial Internet is good. Returning to the Industrial Internet itself, since it is closely related to intelligent manufacturing, the focus is also on the three aspects of network, data, and security.
Network is the foundation, data is the core, and security is the guarantee. AII believes that the network is the supporting foundation for the interconnection of industrial systems and the exchange of industrial data. Data is the core driver of industrial intelligence, and security is the guarantee for the application of the network and data in industry. But it should be noted that the Industrial Internet is not equivalent to intelligent manufacturing. Industrial Internet supports intelligent manufacturing, and intelligent manufacturing helps enterprises achieve business goals and promote the transformation of traditional enterprises
At this stage, the Industrial Internet is still in the primary application stage, most of which is a combination of equipment IoT plus analysis or business system interconnection plus analysis. In the future, with the continuous deepening of technology, complex analysis and optimization can be achieved on the basis of full interoperability of the Internet of Things and the platform, thereby continuously promoting the innovation of enterprise management processes, organizations and business models.
Judging from the current development status, the Industrial Internet can allow enterprises to use this platform to realize intelligent production, network collaboration through enterprise interconnection, service extension through product interconnection, and meet the needs of personalized customization on the basis of precise docking.
The goal of intelligence is not just to make a single machine or a single production line intelligent, but to intelligentize the entire production process. By arranging sensor devices, supported by wireless communication technology, an industrial cloud platform is built, and the entire process is collected from production to management. , Forming a closed loop, scientific analysis and application of data. As a result, the traditional manufacturing enterprises are promoted to transform into production and service.
Today, the Industrial Internet revolution has already begun. In the past decade, Internet technology has been used in the process of industrial production. With the continuous development of the Industrial Internet, industrial Internet-related industries will also develop rapidly. From this, we can see that the Industrial Internet is the basis for intelligent manufacturing. The Industrial Internet is the core driving force of the industrial revolution today. The realization of intelligent manufacturing requires the Industrial Internet to create a new industrial ecosystem. In the future, in the process of transition to intelligence, enterprises that have completed the priority conversion will gain more advantages.
In the future, intelligent unmanned factories will no longer be virtual scenes in science fiction movies, and the combination of industrial Internet and intelligence will help companies move faster in this direction.